Say hello to Cabernet Sauvignon, the most popular red vintage in America and also one of the most easily recognized wines in the world. Everyone is more or less familiar with a Cabernet Sauvignon wine and you have probably drunk it on some occasion without even realizing it because of how wildly popular they are. This grape for all its popularity is a relatively new variety of grape born from the crossing of two older grape varieties. Not many people know that, and other facts about Cabernet Sauvignon that would make you deeply appreciate this grape the next time you have a glass of premium Cabernet Sauvignon.

Here are a few things you should know about Cabernet Sauvignon.

A brief history of Cabernet Sauvignon

Although its origins were shrouded in myths and speculations for years. In 1996, through DNA testing it was discovered that the birth of Cabernet Sauvignon occurred in the 17th century as a result of accidental breeding of two varieties of grapes, the Sauvignon Blanc and a Cabernet Franc grape in the south of France.  The name was coined by taking one name from each of its parent grape and Sauvignon seemed like a perfect fit to its name because it stems from the French word sauvage which means wild because the grape is a wild vine from France. Cabernet Sauvignon became very popular because of its tough nature and resistance to the elements that other grapes are easily susceptible to. Many winemakers began planting this grape around France because of how it easy it was to grow and its durable nature. It became one of the main ingredients for the very popular Bordeaux blends because of how well it responded to time and the aging process due to the high levels of tannins in it especially when aged in oak.

Approximately How many hectares/acres of Cabernet Sauvignon is planted globally

Cabernet Sauvignon grapes grown in cool climates tend to have vegetal notes like green bell pepper or asparagus, while Cabernet Sauvignon grown in medium climates have notes of mint, eucalyptus and black pepper and Cabernet Sauvignon grown in hot climates have notes of jam. By 2015 Cabernet Sauvignon took the spot as the most widely planted grape with 341,000 hectares (842, 629 acres) grown globally. What makes it suitable as a Bordeaux blend or varietal wine is heavily influenced by the climate of the area it is grown in which also affects the time it will be harvested. It is typically harvested later because it ripens slower than other grapes like Merlot. The grape is grown around in the world in areas like Napa Valley, Tuscany, SonomaCounty, Santa Cruz, And Australia.

Wine color of Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Sauvignon is probably the most popular red wine in the world. The rich dark color of the grapes skin and its medium to high acidity and tannin levels contributes to the wines deep ruby red color. It is a fuller bodied wine and the dark colored grape skin is left to sit in the wine for several weeks which also contributes to the bright red color of Cabernet Sauvignon red wines.

Grape skin color and sweetness levels of Cabernet Sauvignon

The Cabernet Sauvignon grape has a thick skin that is a rich dark color that is almost black. The thick skin is part of what makes the grape so durable and resistant to common grape viruses.

Cabernet Sauvignon has an off-dry taste and scores a 1-2 on the sweetness level scale. This means it is not sweet and high tannin levels contribute to its dry taste which can be overwhelming for some people when drunk on its own.


Cabernet Sauvignon grapes make the world’s most popular red wines with alcohol levels ranging from over 13.5% to 15%. This makes it a great pairing for meals and cheeses like grilled meats and steaks.